The extraordinary, Romanesque-style, freestanding circular Bell Tower of the Cathedral of the Italian city of Pisa, is Known Worldwide For Its Unintended Tilt.
The Leaning Tower of Pisa is one of the most remarkable architectural structures from medieval Europe. It is located next to the Cathedral of Pisa, in Piazza dei Miracoli, in the Italian town of Pisa. It is one of the Seven Wonders of the Medieval World, attracting over one million visitors a year.
The citizens of Pisa decided to build a great cathedral complex, the Square of Miracles which included – a cathedral, a baptistery, a bell tower and a cemetery. The freestanding bell tower was for the cathedral.
Construction of the Tower, mainly of marble and lime, began in 1173, with the circular shape Tower having – 8 floors, 251 steps, and 7 bells. During construction in 1178, the tower started to tilt, due to the soft ground and shifting soil which destabilized the tower’s foundation.
It was completed in 1399, partly because of the challenges of the construction and partly due to the onset of a series of wars. The elaborate free-standing bell of the Cathedral, ended up being an engineering wonder that has been fighting gravity for almost a millennia.