Ancient City of Mystery

Mexico’s most impressive archaeological site was once a flourishing pre-Columbian city with gigantic pyramids but, its origin, history and culture is largely a mystery.

Teotihuacán, is an ancient Mesoamerican city, located 50 km northeast of Mexico City. Designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987, the ruins of Teotihuacán are now one of Mexico’s biggest attractions.

The middle of the main path of Teotihuacán is the ‘Avenue of the Dead’ which links The Temple of the Feathered Serpent – the religious and political centre, the Pyramid of the Moon and the Pyramid of the Sun, and also The Museum of Teotihuacan Culture with artifacts.

The origin of Teotihuacán is still a mystery. But it was settled as early as 400 B.C. and between A.D. 150 and 300, the city grew rapidly. By A.D. 400, Teotihuacán had become the most powerful and influential city in the region with over 150,000 inhabitants. It was a polytheistic society, and its primary deity was the Great Goddess of Teotihuacan, a spider goddess. In A.D. 750, Teotihuacán was abandoned, with monuments, treasures and artifacts.

One of the greatest mysteries of Teotihuacán is what happened to the huge population that lived here. But, by the time the Aztecs arrived in the 1400’s, and named it, Teotihuacán (‘place where gods were born’), the city had been abandoned. However, the Aztecs, saw the magnificent ruins and claimed a common ancestry with the Teotihuacanos, modifying and adopting aspects of their culture.

In 2003, an unknown tunnel near the Temple of the Feathered Serpent was discovered. Inside were: engraved conch shells, greenstone statues, worked stone, bones of animals and humans and clay spheres coated with yellow mineral – over 50,000 pieces in all.

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LocationSan Juan Teotihuacán
State of Mexico

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